Lesson 17: Binary Artist


This series of online lessons will have students learning to make images using on and off.


This will help reinforce the fact that computers can do a multitude of things with 0s and 1s.


Warm Up (15)

Main Activity (30)

Wrap Up (15)

View on Code Studio


Students will be able to:

  • Create pictures using unique combinations of on and off
  • Identify repeated sequences and break long codes up into smaller chunks that can be looped
  • Utilize loops and binary code to recreate provided images



Heads Up! Please make a copy of any documents you plan to share with students.

For the Teachers


  • Binary - A way of representing information using only two options.


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Teaching Guide

Warm Up (15)

To begin, it can be helpful to review the previous lesson, specifically different ways of using binary to indicate how to create an image on a grid. This stage will translate the unplugged activity into a simple, independent online lesson.

Main Activity (30)

Course D Online Puzzles - Website

Not all of these images are intuitive. Encourage students to click "Run" to see what happens, even if their code isn't "finished" yet.

Wrap Up (15)


Having students write about what they learned, why it’s useful, and how they feel about it can help solidify any knowledge they obtained today and build a review sheet for them to look to in the future.

Journal Prompts:

  • What was today’s lesson about?
  • How did you feel during today’s lesson?
  • Did you like drawing on the 8x8 grid or the 16x16 grid better? Why?
  • Computers also store sounds using binary. Use your imagination to write down a possible way for that to work.

Standards Alignment

View full course alignment

CSTA K-12 Computer Science Standards (2017)

AP - Algorithms & Programming
  • 1B-AP-11 - Decompose (break down) problems into smaller, manageable subproblems to facilitate the program development process.
  • 1B-AP-12 - Modify, remix or incorporate portions of an existing program into one's own work, to develop something new or add more advanced features.
  • 1B-AP-15 - Test and debug (identify and fix errors) a program or algorithm to ensure it runs as intended.

Cross-curricular Opportunities

This list represents opportunities in this lesson to support standards in other content areas.

Common Core English Language Arts Standards

L - Language
  • 3.L.6 - Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate conversational, general academic, and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal spatial and temporal relationships (e.g., After dinner that night we went looking for them).
SL - Speaking & Listening
  • 3.SL.1 - Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 3 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
  • 3.SL.3 - Ask and answer questions about information from a speaker, offering appropriate elaboration and detail.
  • 3.SL.6 - Speak in complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification.

Common Core Math Standards

MP - Math Practices
  • MP.1 - Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them
  • MP.2 - Reason abstractly and quantitatively
  • MP.4 - Model with mathematics
  • MP.5 - Use appropriate tools strategically
  • MP.6 - Attend to precision
  • MP.7 - Look for and make use of structure
  • MP.8 - Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning

Next Generation Science Standards

ETS - Engineering in the Sciences
ETS1 - Engineering Design
  • 3-5-ETS1-2 - Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.